Bhagavad Gita : अध्याय 15 का श्लोक 2

 

अधश्चोर्ध्वं प्रसृतास्तस्य शाखा गुणप्रवृद्धा विषयप्रवालाः ।
अधश्च मूलान्यनुसन्ततानि कर्मानुबन्धीनि मनुष्यलोके ॥

भावार्थ : उस संसार वृक्ष की तीनों गुणोंरूप जल के द्वारा बढ़ी हुई एवं विषय-भोग रूप कोंपलोंवाली ( शब्द, स्पर्श, रूप, रस और गन्ध -ये पाँचों स्थूलदेह और इन्द्रियों की अपेक्षा सूक्ष्म होने के कारण उन शाखाओं की 'कोंपलों' के रूप में कहे गए हैं।) देव, मनुष्य और तिर्यक्‌ आदि योनिरूप शाखाएँ (मुख्य शाखा रूप ब्रह्मा से सम्पूर्ण लोकों सहित देव, मनुष्य और तिर्यक्‌ आदि योनियों की उत्पत्ति और विस्तार हुआ है, इसलिए उनका यहाँ 'शाखाओं' के रूप में वर्णन किया है) नीचे और ऊपर सर्वत्र फैली हुई हैं तथा मनुष्य लोक में ( अहंता, ममता और वासनारूप मूलों को केवल मनुष्य योनि में कर्मों के अनुसार बाँधने वाली कहने का कारण यह है कि अन्य सब योनियों में तो केवल पूर्वकृत कर्मों के फल को भोगने का ही अधिकार है और मनुष्य योनि में नवीन कर्मों के करने का भी अधिकार है) कर्मों के अनुसार बाँधने वाली अहंता-ममता और वासना रूप जड़ें भी नीचे और ऊपर सभी लोकों में व्याप्त हो रही हैं। ॥2॥

 

 

The branches of this tree extend downward and upward, nourished by the three modes of material nature. The twigs are the objects of the senses. This tree also has roots going down, and these are bound to the fruitive actions of human society.

PURPORT

The description of the banyan tree is further explained here. Its branches are spread in all directions. In the lower parts, there are variegated manifestations of living entities, such as human beings, animals, horses, cows, dogs, cats, etc. These are situated on the lower parts of the branches, whereas on the upper parts are higher forms of living entities: the demigods, Gandharvas (fairies), and many other higher species of life. As a tree is nourished by water, so this tree is nourished by the three modes of material nature. Sometimes we find that a tract of land is barren for want of sufficient water, and sometimes a tract is very green; similarly, where the modes of material nature are proportionately greater in quantity, the different species of life are manifested in that proportion.

The twigs of the tree are considered to be the sense objects. By development of the different modes of nature, we develop different senses, and, by the senses, we enjoy different varieties of sense objects. The source of the senses-the ears, the nose, eyes, etc.-is considered to be the upper twigs, tuned to the enjoyment of different sense objects. The leaves are sound, form, touch-the sense objects. The roots, which are subsidiary, are the by-products of different varieties of suffering and sense enjoyment. Thus we develop attachment and aversion. The tendencies toward piety and impiety are considered to be the secondary roots, spreading in all directions. The real root is from Brahmaloka, and the other roots are in the human planetary systems. After one enjoys the results of virtuous activities in the upper planetary systems, he comes down to this earth and renews his karma or fruitive activities for promotion. This planet of human beings is considered the field of activities.

 

 

 

 

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